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21+ Principles of Inclusive Education

Principles of Inclusive Education

This article is going to be about the principles of inclusive education. Inclusive education is a system of providing education in which every child has an equal right to succeed and an equal opportunity to achieve his or her full potential.

Inclusive education is the principle that all children deserve access to public, taxpayer-supported schools and other educational programs. It might sound like an odd idea at first, but the mere existence of separate educational systems for those with and without disabilities is a form of segregation.

Principles of Inclusive Education

Inclusive education is a philosophy and approach to teaching that recognizes and values the diversity of all students. It is based on the principle that all students, regardless of their abilities, should have equal access to education and opportunities to succeed. We provide principles of inclusive education such as:

1. Plan to Teach Inclusively

Inclusive education can be learned by teachers. It is not a mysterious or difficult concept. These definitions of terms and descriptions of practical strategies are based on a belief that inclusivity is not only possible but desirable in any educational setting.

2. Represent student diversity in the curriculum

The curriculum should be designed to meet the needs of all students and to allow them to develop their unique talents and skills. It should be built around shared interests and experiences, not just the abilities of students. It should be inclusive in terms of the diversity of its content and the variety of teaching strategies and materials.

3. Use Appropriate Instructional Approaches

Students with disabilities often benefit from one or more of three instructional approaches: direct instruction (usually called “special education”), mainstreaming, and resource room programs. However, these three approaches are not the only ones possible. In fact, they may not be the best program for all students, in all situations.

4. Get to know and Engage your Students

To understand a student and the support needed for him or her to be successful, it is important to get to know that student. To do this, teachers must observe and interact with students in all academic and nonacademic settings. It is essential to know individual students’ abilities, interests, and preferences.

5. All Children Deserve the Opportunity to Succeed

Children who are disabled or otherwise at risk of failure are not different from other children. They are still children, but they have a disability or risk factor that makes it more difficult for them to succeed in school. It is unfair to assign children with disabilities to special classes, separate physical spaces, or other segregated facilities.

All children deserve the opportunity to succeed in school. Society must make sure that all children are allowed to fulfill their potential and that our schools provide a safe environment for all students.

6. Everyday Accessibility Basics

Accessibility basics include the design, construction, and operation of buildings, facilities, classrooms, and equipment in schools. While not always strictly necessary for ensuring access to education, they are often better than nothing. Therefore, the following are important accessibility basics.

7. The Law of Inclusive Education

The Law of Inclusive Education is a series of laws that were enacted to ensure each child had equal access to education. The idea behind the laws was to ensure that all children, regardless of their special needs were given access to the same education. The law of inclusive education states that children should receive an education in a setting with regular education students and staff.

8. Scaffold student learning

Scaffolding is a strategy that helps students improve their skills. It can be used to increase the physical ability of students with disabilities, improve their ability to read and write or help them with math. Scaffolding helps students achieve higher academic standards.

9. Build a Community of Learners

Inclusive education is about respect for every person, their rights, and their values. It is about meeting the challenges of living in a diverse society. By teaching together, we can become aware of our differences and build a shared understanding and mutual respect for one another.

10. Acces Equitably

The access we provide is not equitable if it does not include all children, especially those who are thrust into special education. The majority of special education students are placed in segregated, special education classrooms.

Only students with the most severe disabilities or behavior problems are considered for mainstreaming or inclusion. We must do more to mainstream and include all children in regular classrooms.

11. Online/blended teaching

It is likely that you as a teacher will work with a diverse range of learners in the classroom. To enable every child to get the most from their education, you should use different teaching approaches and methods depending on which method would suit each child’s learning style best. However, it is usually best to use a combination of these methods, to get the results that most benefit all students.

12. Design flexible learning Experience

Designing flexible learning experiences for students with disabilities enables them to adapt their learning to suit their capabilities, interests, and needs. A flexible learning experience has two essential components: meeting the needs of different students by developing their interests and capabilities, and providing a variety of flexible ways to learn, including online or virtual learning.

13. Provide a Safe and Interactive Environment

Inclusive education involves guiding/protecting students with disabilities and supporting them rather than segregating them. It is important to create a welcoming, safe and supportive environment in the classroom so that all children can benefit.

14. Build on student Strengths and Ability

Showing respect for all students, regardless of their abilities or learning difficulties, is an important part of inclusive education. The best way to do this is to make sure that teachers recognize and build on the skills and abilities of each student.

15. Ensure Regular Education students and staff are involved

Inclusive education is best implemented to achieve the most benefit for all students. This requires that regular education staff and students be involved in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of an inclusive program.

16. Located learning spaces

It is best for school students with disabilities to have a designated classroom space, separate from the regular education classroom. Such areas are important for students who need quiet space to complete assignments or those who may not wish to be disturbed.

17. Establish Manageable Goals

Inclusive education means teaching to the individual student, not teaching all students using one method of instruction. Therefore, it is sometimes helpful to set up goals for learning rather than have a rigid curriculum that must be followed by every student.

18. Reflect and Evaluate Practice

Making sure that the education you provide is accessible, inclusive and quality requires that you evaluate the impact of your teaching on students and adjust your methods accordingly. This will help to ensure that the quality of education is maintained at all times. It is important to reflect and evaluate not only how you teach, but what and how you plan to teach.

19. Involve Parents

It is important that parents are involved in the education of their children, including those with disabilities. They can help to ensure that their child’s needs are met and that the child’s quality of life remains as high as possible.

20. Provide Accessible and useable Learning Resource

Schools must have a range of resources, facilities, equipment, and services that are accessible and useable by students with disabilities. This includes the full use of mainstream school buildings and facilities, as well as any separate classrooms used for special education students.

21. Provide an Individualized Education Program

Inclusive school programs should provide students with disabilities, as well as their families and carers, with an individualized education program (IEP). This is a detailed document that sets out the support, facilities, equipment, and learning resources a student will use to improve their educational outcomes.

22. Provide effective support and services

A well-designed inclusive program should enable all students to reach academic standards and learn to work independently in the school community, including those with disabilities. Effective supports and services are an important part of this. Once teachers know their students, they can begin to support them in areas that may need improvement.

23. Promote Independence and Choice

To achieve the best outcomes for students with disabilities, it is important to encourage them to work independently and make their own decisions about what they learn. However, it is also important to keep students with disabilities safe and supported at all times. Inclusive education is based on the belief that all students have the right to make choices and are entitled to be treated as consumers of their own education.

24. Children can attain their full potential

Inclusive education enables students with disabilities and their families to achieve their full potential as learners. Aligned with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, this means that all students can work at the highest level of their abilities and perform to the best of their ability in all areas of learning. It is the public’s obligation to make sure all children can attain their full potential through an inclusive educational experience.

25. Offer varied ways for students to demonstrate their learning and knowledge

Inclusive education programs provide students with disabilities and their families with many ways to demonstrate what has been learned. This includes performance-based assessments such as oral exams, portfolios, projects, and presentations. Along with these, it is important to also provide more traditional assessments such as tests and exams.

26. All learners need friendship and support from people of their own age

Inclusive education is beneficial because it provides students with disabilities the opportunity to form friendships with their peers. Especially at a younger age, it is important for students to feel accepted and supported by other children.

27. Principle of Participate

All students with disabilities should have the opportunity to participate in extra-curricular activities, including school clubs and sports teams. The willingness and ability of individuals to participate will always be considered in order to provide the most appropriate and effective educational options.

28. Principle of Togetherness

Inclusive education can be beneficial for students with disabilities because they are most often educated alongside those without disabilities. This means that students feel equal among their school peers, which in turn helps the student feel more accepted and respected in society.

29. Student engagement, agency, and voice

Inclusive education encourages students to take responsibility for how they learn and how they are assessed. This means that schools should make the teaching and learning process engaging, interactive, and student-centered.

It is important that students, including those with disabilities, have a voice in the education process. This helps to ensure that all students are treated equally and that they feel they have a place in the classroom.

30. Effective Feedback

Inclusive education should be based on the belief that all students can learn. With this in mind, it is necessary to provide effective feedback to students throughout the learning process. This means that teachers must provide timely and useful feedback that is specific to each student.


Now, it is easy to understand the principles of inclusive education. The following rights and responsibilities of teachers can help to ensure that all students have a chance to learn and be included in the school environment.


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